Investing for Beginners: A Complete Guide

What Is Investing?

When you invest, you buy assets that increase in value over time and provide income or capital gains. Investing can also refer to spending time or money to improve your own or others’ lives. A financial investment, however, involves purchasing securities, real estate, and other items of value for the purpose of generating income or capital gains.

What Is Investing

How Does Investing Work?

Making financial progress toward larger financial goals, such as retirement, is possible by setting aside money whenever you can. Most people do this by saving or investing.

How investing works in investment accounts

Stocks, bonds, mutual funds, or a combination of these, are held in an investment account. Investing accounts can be divided into three types:

  1. Retirement investment account
  2. Education investment account
  3. Brokerage investment account

What Are the Basic Types of Investments?

Investing is very important in today’s world. People are not much aware of other types of investments except just the stock market and mutual funds. Here we have mentioned the most common types of investments. Please read carefully

  • Stock Market
  • Bonds
  • Mutual Funds and ETFs
  • Bank Products
  • Options
  • Annuities
  • Retirement
  • Saving for Education
  • Alternative and Complex Products
  • Initial Coin Offerings and Cryptocurrencies
  • Commodity Futures
  • Security Futures
  • Insurance

Reasons for Investing

You can potentially build wealth by investing your money. The value of your money may increase over time if you invest wisely. Compounding and the risk-return tradeoff are two factors that contribute to investing’s greater growth potential. Below we are going to discuss 12 top money investing tips so that you understand why you should invest.

  • Grow your money
  • Save for retirement
  • Earn higher returns
  • Reach financial goals
  • Build on pre-tax dollars
  • Start and expand a business
  • Help Others Achieve Their Goals
  • Be part of a new venture
  • Reduce taxable income
  • Gain Knowledge and Stimulate Your Mind
  • Support Causes That Are Meaningful to You
  • Beat Inflation

How Can I Start Investing?

One of the scariest things about managing your finances is investing in the financial markets, but it’s also one of the most rewarding. Investing is one of the few ways to outpace inflation and grow your purchasing power over time, despite major market declines. There is no way to build wealth with a savings account.

Things you can do to begin your investment

  1. Look at retirement accounts
  2. Start investing as soon as possible
  3. Decide how much you can afford to invest
  4. Open an investment account
  5. Pick an investment strategy
  6. Understand your investment options
  7. Balance long-term and short-term investments
  8. Keep learning and saving

Example of Return From Investing

Money grows money. If you keep your money in a savings account in a bank, that money does not grow more than 2-3%. Your money will remain safe, but the value of that money will not increase. If you invest your money with a good strategy, that money can give you good returns.

Let us understand that if you had bought 1 share of Tesla for $100 in August 2020, it would have been worth $300 in August 2022. And in this 2-year period, the share once went over 400 dollars.

On the other hand, if you had deposited the same money in a bank savings account of $100 in August 2020, its value would have increased to $106 in August 2022. You can understand why you should invest with this simple example

Importance of Investing

A good investment strategy can help you build wealth and make your money work for you. The safest investment strategy is to hold cash or put your money into a bank savings account. However, investing allows your money to grow over time through compounding and long-term growth.

  • It is a Great Source of Passive Income
  • Meet Financial Goals
  • It Lets You Follow Your Passion
  • Wealth Creation
  • Tax Benefits
  • Economic Development

Difference Between Investment and Savings

Investing and saving differ in several ways. Savings refers to putting money away for current needs or short-term expenses, such as an emergency fund or a large purchase. When you need money, you can usually dip into your savings. The goal of investing is to return a sizable profit over the long haul.
# Investment  Savings
Where the money goes Stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and annuities are financial products with an account value. A bank account is an account in a financial institution.
How money grows Stocks, for example, gain or lose value as they are invested. There is a higher potential for growth, but it is not guaranteed. Stocks and bonds can also be sold for a gain (or loss) or you can receive dividends. Continually, but slowly. In general, the higher the interest rate, the higher the minimum balance required.
Period  Great for long term Great for short term
Return Potentially higher Low
Risk Level High Low
Understand Level Hard to understand Easy to do

The investing rule of thumb

Make sure you invest as soon as you can, for as long as you can. Your money has a greater chance of growing over time (otherwise known as compound interest). Here’s an example:
Age of opening investment account Initial investment Average return Account value at age 60
25 $10,000 7% $106,765
30 $10,000 7% $76,122
35 $10,000 7% $54,274
40 $10,000 7% $38,696
45 $10,000 7% $27,590
50 $10,000 7% $19,671
55 $10,000 7% $14,025

The Bottom Line

It’s essential to understand the basics of investments and how saving and investing differ. Despite the fact that it is easy to confuse the two, they play Different roles in your financial life. Saving money is the key to investing. Without an investment, you risk losing money over time.


  • How does an investment work?

Investing is simply putting money into an account or fund with the aim of making money. Investments provide the opportunity for better returns (which can include more risk) over time. As a result, some individuals make investments to achieve long-term goals like retirement.

  • When is the Best Time to Start Investing?

Investing at any time is a good idea. Because investing requires money, how much you can invest also depends on your home situation. The most important thing is to choose the right investment path and invest systematically.

  • How much money do I need to start investing?

A small amount of money is all you need to start investing. You can start investing in the stock market with as little as $50. If you are young then you should increase your investment amount gradually. If you are above 35 years of age, you should increase your investment. The more you invest, the more money you can get during your retirement.

  • Can you get rich from investing?

It depends on your strategy and the amount of investment. Investing in the Stock Exchange is one of the smartest and most efficient ways to create wealth over the course of one’s life.